RESPECTING HUMAN
RIGHTS ONLINE


PAKISTAN
AWARENESS OF DATA PROTECTION AND PROTECTING ONE'S PRIVACY

INDIA
COMBATTING ONLINE HARASSMENT

PAKISTAN

AWARENESS OF DATA PROTECTION AND PROTECTING ONE'S PRIVACY

Have you ever received an unwanted message or notification in social media or on your cell phone from someone you have never met? Have you or someone close to you been targeted by hackers, phishers or other parties? These acts by someone hiding behind a digital profile could be unwanted and often overstep the boundaries of intrusiveness and could lead to a feeling of uncertainty.


In a world where such acts occur to an increasing degree, the question of how to best deal with such intrusions is crucial. In the view of the Digital Rights Foundation (DRF) in Pakistan, these problems can be solved by means of a strong legal framework for data protection combined with effective enforcement mechanisms.


Currently, the General Data Protection Regulation implemented in the European Union is considered the best data protection system in the world and has many hoping that the high standard will be replicated in other countries. More than 107 countries around the world have enacted privacy laws to protect the personal data of their citizens. Pakistan is one of the countries considering data protection laws. At the moment, however, Pakistan has neither direct data protection legislation nor a data protection authority. The right to privacy is enshrined as a fundamental right in the country's constitution. Article 14 para. 1 of the constitution confirms that "the dignity of a person and, in accordance with the laws, the privacy of a home are inviolable".


Although there is no direct legal framework for data protection, it is theoretically provided for by a series of various preliminary laws. To address problems resulting from the absence of a coherent regulatory framework and to raise awareness of online security, DRF and the Foundation organized a series of events for various target groups on data protection and privacy.


In the digital domain, too, women are among the most vulnerable groups. Some of the events thus addressed gender-specific issues linked to Internet security. To accommodate this important topic, political recommendations were discussed with the political body and civil society at the conference "Data protection at the junction between gender identity and privacy" to give impetus to new legislation that integrates a gender perspective.


Data protection and privacy are also discussed with students from various universities to raise their awareness of laws and rights. At crypto parties, basic skills regarding IT security and secure surfing on the World Wide Web were conveyed by means of practical exercises.

INDIA

COMBATTING ONLINE HARASSMENT

Equal participation in the media information and communication must be guaranteed for girls and women

More than 600 million people are online in India today. This number has grown rapidly: ten years ago, only 62 million people (or 5% of the population) on the subcontinent had access to the Internet.


It is therefore not surprising that the number of hate comments in social media and in messengers has also increased massively in recent years. Women in particular are often confronted with sexualized insults, threats and sexual harassment.


In a society in which traditional gender roles continue to dominate and women are not yet equal in many areas of society, this is unfortunately no surprise. This makes it all the more important to offer women the best possible protection against hatred and harassment. Together with the Internet Democracy Project - an organization that analyses digital transformation from a feminist perspective -

the Foundation's Delhi office has developed a practical guide for women dealing with online harassment. It supports women to protect themselves and provides recommendations and skills on how affected people can react and deal with the situation. Strengthening media literacy or practical skills such as blocking intrusive users can be a first technical reaction to harassment on the Internet. The guide motivates women and others who have experienced sexual harassment online. It sensitizes and educates women about their rights and encourages them not to suffer in shame and silence, but to actively demand that their rights are respected and protected, which then in turn supports women’s struggle for equality.

Subscribe to our newsletter